Federal Cases FAQs How do appeals work in a federal case? How do you appeal in federal court? What is the appeals process after a federal court judgment has been entered? Who can appeal in federal court? And when? How many judges hear an appeal in federal court? What are the rules for federal appeals? Does a federal court appeal involve a new trial? If I appeal my case, will an opinion be published by the court? How long does a federal appeal take? If I appeal a court's decision, will the appeal delay the judgment? Can parties join a case at the appeals stage? What is the effect of a decision by the court of appeals?